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COURSES (How to make paper)
 
On this page you will find more information of how to make paper.
I want to thank Navaram Shrestha from Napal for her cooperation to show this to us.
She makes for a lot of people around the world custom paper.
If you interested visit here website Web site:

http://www.handmadeinnepal.com/index.htm

or E-mail:
nava#handmadeinnepal.com

Please change # in @


 Meterial and paper making method

The raw material necessary to make this hand-made paper is the Lokta plant, a Daphne species, found in the hilly region, from 5,000 feet to 10,500 feet above the sea level. Daphne papricia, They can grow up to 15 feet tall and four inches thick. The plant is usually ready to be cut four years after it sprouts.
According to the modern method, the plant should be at least three 
centimeters thick before the plant is considered fully grown and ready for cutting. 
This criterion ensures the use of plant whosebark is easy to remove, 
thus producing paper that is easy to remove,
thus producing paper that is nice and strong. After selecting such a plant,
 it should be cut with a sharp-edged tool in one stroke as far as possible. 
The part at which it is cut should be at least 15 cm. 
above the ground. When it is cut in this way, the element cambium, 
which is contained in it is not destroyed, and a new branch  can easily sprout.
The solution beaten in this way should be poured uniformly on the frame used for making paper, 
then, after all the water has dripped out, it should be dried in the sun. After it is fully dry, 
your paper is ready. It should be taken out and stored in a dry room.
The wood for the frame should be light and resistant to decay by water, e.g. pine.
The proper size for wood for the frame is approximately four inches wide and half an inch thick. 
The frame itself can be of any desired size, depending on the size of the paper wanted.
On one side of the frame a porous cloth, through which water easily drips is used. 
Nylon net is found better. If thick and water absorbent cloth is used,
 the paper will take a long time to dry. 
The frame which is made in this way should be placed in a flat vessel 
(in which the frame can be put) and the solution of the paper should be poured, 
speading it uniformly all around.
The quality and standard of the paper depends on the cleanliness and quality of raw material.
Traditional Method : 
Properly cooked Lokta bark should be rinsed in clean water and then 
soaked in clean water for 8 to 12 hours.
Then it should be taken out and dried in the sun in a clean place;
 if possible by hanging it on a rope. Because of the sun and water,
the Lokta will be white and attractive by itself     

 
Paper1  
   
Making pulp
 
   
  Paper2
   
 
Bleach the pulp
   
Paper3  
   
Pulp ready for making the paper
 
   
  Paper4
   
 
The pulp now on a mold
   
Paper5  
   
Leaves and flowers will be placed on the pulp
 
   
  Paper6
   
 
Its ready to dry the paper
   
Paper7  
   
Waiting till the paper is dry
 
   
  Paper8
   
 
Coloring the paper
   
Paper9  
   
Finish the paper for selling
 
Thank you Navaram!!


How to make your personal paper

Ancient Egyptians invented the first substance like 
the paper we know today called Papyrus. Papyrus scrolls were made 
by taking slices of the inner part of the papyrus stem, flattening 
then pounded into a hard, thin sheet. The word "paper" 
comes from the word "papyrus". The Paper that we know today was invented by 
Ts'ai Lun in A.D. 105, It is believed thathe mixed hemp, mulberry bark, 
and rags with water, mashed it into a pulp, pressed out the liquid and hung it 
to dry in the sun.                  
1. Select the pieces of paper to be recycled. You can even mix different
types to create your own unique paper like ; grass,declaying oak leaves, 
flower petals, coffee grounds, cinamon, nutmeg, dried flower petals, foodcoloring
or old denim jeans being shredded and made into pulp.
2. Rip the paper or other fibers into small bits, and placeinto the blender. (about half full).
Fill the blender with warm water. Run the blender slowly at first then increase the speed 
until the pulp looks smooth and well blended. ( 30 -40 seconds) 
Check that no flakes of paper remain. If there are, blend longer.
3. The next step is to make a mold. The mold, in this case, is made simply 
by stretching fiberglass screen (plain old doorand window screen) over a wooden frame 
and stapling it. It should be as tight as possible.
4. Fill the basin about half way with water. Add 3 blender loads of pulp. 
(the more pulp you add the thicker the finished paper will be) Stir the mixture.
5. Now is the time to add the liquid starch for sizing.(This is not necessary 
but if the paper is going to be used for writing on, you should add some, the starch helps 
to prevent inks from soaking into the paper fibers.) Stir 2 teaspoons of liquid starch into 
the pulp.
Place the mold into the pulp and then level it out while it is submerged. 
Gently wiggle it side-to-side until the pulp on top of the screen looks even.
6. Slowly lift the mold up until it is above the level of the water. 
Wait until most of the water has drained from the new paper sheet.
If the paper is very thick, remove some pulp from the tub. 
If it is too thin, add more pulp and stir the mixture again. 
7. When the mold stops dripping, gently place one edge on the side of a fabric square 
(felt or flannel square). Gently ease the mold down flat,
with the paper directly on the fabric. Use a sponge to press out as much water as possible. 
Wring the excess water from the sponge back into the large plastic tub.
8. Now comes the tricky part. Hold the fabric square flat and slowly lift the edge 
of the mold. The wet sheet of paper should remain on the fabric. 
If it sticks to the mold, you may have pulled to fast or not pressed out enough water.
It takes a little practice. You can gently press out any bubbles and loose edges at this point.
9. Repeat the steps above, and stack the fabric squares on a cookie sheet. 
Save one fabric square to place on the top of the stack to cover the last piece
of paper. Use another cookie sheet to press the remaining water out of the stack. (do this
outside or in the bathtub, it can make a mess)
10. After you press the stack, gently separate the sheets. 
They can be dried by hanging on a clothesline or laying them out on sheets of newspaper. 
When they have dried peel them off the fabric and voila! you have paper!

Succes with your own made paper!


please visit the website of my friends

http://www.handmadeinnepal.com/index.htm


If you have suggestions or tips please write me at:

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